Home arrow Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC arrow FM Mine/Countermine Operations. Reference URL. Share. Save to. Field Manual (FM) provides United States (US) armed forces with tactical, technical, and procedural guidance for conducting mine and countermine. Field Manual FM Mine/Countermine Operations at the Company Level [ Department of the Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Coungermine layers anchor trip wires with nails or stakes and wrap the loose ends of trip wires around the fuses. Decimals are rounded up to the next highest whole number. This does not mean that neutralization is equal to zero percent; it means counterminr it is not equal to percent. To meet this requirement, the hole must be at least 36 inches wide and flat enough to support the munition.
Note how individual minefields are arrayed to affect the entire width of the Mine-Warfare Principles FM AA but in a relatively shallow depth. For ease of calculation, three-fifths is converted to the decimal 0. The engineer, the fire-support team FISTand the maneuver commander must work closely to ensure complete integration of the minefield into nine aspects of the company plan. RCUs are organizational issues of equipment and are assigned to engineer and combat arms units.
The team assists the commander in controlling the movement of forces. Pressure mines can be destroyed by using hand-emplaced explosives.
FM Mine/Countermine Operations :: Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC
Couhtermine and activators are described in Appendix A. The simulated enemy force moves into the EA to the enemy side of the obstacle group. They also provide an insight as to what and where the enemy’s objective and routes might be. Place additional strands of barbwire or rolls of concertina at the discretion of the commander.
As a rule, 20 to 30 minutes coubtermine the maximum amount of time an individual can use the detector effectively. Commanders may also use restrictions to Mine-Warfare Principles FM prevent subordinates from emplacing obstacles in a certain area.
Mine/Countermine Operations FM 20-32 C2
They are 6 centimeters high and 12 centimeters in diameter. SLAM in command-detonation mode An IOE should not be used because the enemy must be able to determine the orientation of the minefield and the bypass.
Commanders normally use the disrupt effect forward of EAs. Area density is normally used to express the density of scatterable minefields. Dismounted breaching assets versus threat obstacles G-5 TableG The amount of linear obstacle effort for a group is equal to the width of theAA, multiplied by the resource factor.
The effect an IOE has on enemy actions counterminf increase the overall lethality of a minefield. The type of formations the S2 expects the enemy to use during the entire course of the attack is also vital information. D Outside Friendly Territory Hornet reinforcing a conventional minefield gure Sample mines tally sheet Table Hornets will be employed throughout the entire depth of the battle space to support Army operations.
Tilt-rod or magnetic-influence fuses are the most common. Below is a list of considerations or points of coordination that should drive the integration of the emplacing engineer and the maneuver company commander.
Mine/Countermine Operations FM C2
The worst case would be if the minefield was reported but not marked and its limits were unknown. Normally, the emplacing engineer does not need the entire fire- support overlay depicting the location of all targets. It is not necessary that all weapons are in place and dug in before siting. The information gathered from the IPB and the reconnaissance effort determines the method and the type of route clearance necessary.
Mass quantities of obstacle material, especially mines, are centrally received, broken down into minefield packages, and then distributed throughout the sector based on the obstacle plan. Lanes and bypasses are determined using tactical repositioning requirements developed during the COA analysis.
FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations
Tactical versus protective obstacles Obstacle Effect Application Examples Conveying Intent Description Disrupt The short arrow indicates where an enemy is attacked by obstacles.
One signal is usually physical spin, acceleration, or couuntermineand the other is electronic. The fire-support element FSE is responsible for plotting the safety zone, and the staff engineer should be familiar with the process and the expected results. Shrapnel is propelled upward and outward from the countdrmine and produces fatal mlne to a distance of 15 meters.
Protective obstacles are close to defensive positions and are tied in with the FPF of the defendi ng unit. Buried mine with tilt rod Finding enemy obstacles or seeing enemy obstacle activity validates and refines the S2’s picture of the battlefield. Equipment targets include ground vehicles, boats, and aircraft. Designed to be placed along the side of a route likely to be taken by armored vehicles.
M16A1 mine and M25 wrench Fix obstacle D-8 Figure D The backblast area is unsafe in unprotected areas 16 meters to the rear and sides of the munition. Site layout gure The M87A1 mine canister is prepackaged with six AT mines and a propulsion device.
Adding more reserve obstacles.
This change includes Change 1, 30 June To aid in standardization of platoon techniques, four compositions have been developed to match desired obstacle effects. Much like final protective fires FPFprotective minefields provide the fmm with close-in protection during the enemy’s final assault.
Eight block-effect minefields are required in this example to achieve the necessary depth and width.